The government has issued updated guidance on the steps you must take to ensure all your animal waste – including animal by-product (ABP) – is incinerated carefully, and successfully.
In this case, ABP refers to everything from live animals rejected from abattoirs because they’re infected, and carcasses of animals used in experiments. It also includes unhatched poultry, which has died in its shell, and meat that was originally intended for human consumption but has been withdrawn.
If you’re already using an incinerator to dispose of animal carcasses, inevitably, at some point you will be left with unmanaged ABP that hasn’t been completely burned but must still be disposed of. As such, you must reburn it.
It is vital that your live animals do not come into contact with raw, remaining ABP awaiting incineration, this can pose massive biosecurity risks and can harm not only a local farm but whole regions.
In most cases, you can only send ABP to landfill if it is completely incinerated, and only ash remains. However, in England and Wales, ash from category 2 or category 3 pig and poultry ABPs can be used on farmland for fertilisation.
When getting your incinerator approved, incinerating animal carcasses on their own requires Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) approval. But if you’re working with ABPs, consider the following guidance:
You must also apply to the APHA for high capacity or low capacity incinerator approval, depending on whether you burn more or less than 50kg of waste per hour.
If you incinerate a mixture of ABPs and non-ABPs, you will also need Environment Agency approval under the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) and registration by APHA. You can complete the registration form here.
“Animal carcasses or parts of animal carcasses suspected or confirmed as infected by a TSE are category 1 ABPs. They must be disposed of by incineration, or processing (rendering) followed by incineration.”
Published 4 September 2014 by DEFRA & APHA
Most countries have their own dedicated agricultural or farming agency or government department. For the United Kingdom you can find these below:
If you are located outside of the United Kingdom please consult your local authorities and/or environmental agency.
Though incineration of ABP is a complex area, we’ve highlighted 10 things to consider ahead of embarking on ABP incineration:
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